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Women In Islam Versus Women In The Judaeo-Christian Tradition The Myth and The Reality

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Brief introduction

This is a book written by Sherif Muhammad Abdel Azeem, published by World Islamic Network. It argues about the comparision of the position of women in Islam, Christianity Judaism based on the Qur'an, Bible Talmud respectively.

Contents in brief

The author compares the attitudes of the three religions in different subjects such as Eve's fault, Eve's legacy, shameful daughters, female education, unclean impure woman, bearing witness, adultery, vowes, wife's property, divorce, mothers, plight of widows, polygamy, the veil.

You read one part in the following:

The three religions agree on one basic fact: Both women and men are created by God, The Creator of the whole universe.

However, disagreement starts soon after the creation of the first man, Adam, and the first woman, Eve. The Judaeo-Christian conception of the creation of Adam and Eve is narrated in detail in Genesis. (2:4-24)

God prohibited both of them from eating the fruits of the forbidden tree. The serpent seduced Eve to eat from it and Eve, in turn, seduced Adam to eat with her.

When God rebuked Adam for what he did, he put all the blame on Eve,

"The woman you put here with me -- she gave me some fruit from the tree and I ate it." (Genesis, 3: 12)

Consequently, God said to Eve:

"I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband and he will rule over you." (Genesis, 3: 16)

To Adam He said:

"Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree of which I forbidden you to eat, “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life..." (Genesis, 3: 17)

The Islamic conception of the first creation is found in several places in the Qur’an, for example:

"O Adam! Dwell with your wife in the Garden and enjoy as you wish but approach not this tree or you run into harm and transgression. Then Satan whispered to them in order to reveal to them their shame that was hidden from them and he said: 'Your Lord only forbade you this tree lest you become angels or such beings as live forever.'

And he swore to them both that he was their sincere adviser. So by deceit he brought them to their fall: when they tasted the tree their shame became manifest to them and they began to sew together the leaves of the Garden over their bodies.

And their Lord called unto them: 'Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you that Satan was your avowed enemy?' They said: 'Our Lord we have wronged our own souls and if You forgive us not and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be lost.'"(7:19-23)

A careful look into the two accounts of the story of the Creation reveals some essential differences.

The Qur’an, contrary to the Bible, places equal blame on both Adam and Eve for their mistake. Nowhere in the Qur’an can one find even the slightest hint that Eve tempted Adam to eat from the tree or even that she had eaten before him. Eve in the Qur’an is no temptress, no seducer, and no deceiver. Moreover, Eve is not to be blamed for the pains of childbearing. God, according to the Qur’an, punishes no onefor another's faults. Both Adam and Eve committed a sin and then asked God for forgiveness and He forgave them both.

 


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